Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
In many developing cases, symptoms of high blood pressure are non specific. We all wish we could have a precise check list to determine if we have any blood pressure symptoms. This is not easy, as symptoms of high blood pressure overlap with a large number of other illnesses. To complicate things further, these other illnesses often have a blended cause-effect relationship with hypertension. Research shows that symptoms of high blood pressure don’t usually show up until the blood pressure is extremely high.
Most people go on through their lives without noticing any obvious signs of high blood pressure. These are asymptomatic cases, i.e. there are no symptoms even though the disease may be gradually developing and causing significant damage to the body. Unfortunately, these people discover they have hypertension during a routine medical examination or when they go to the doctor apparently for another health concern.
From a medical perspective, the discriminating hypertension symptoms are your blood pressure readings. If you regularly have readings with figures above 120 over 90, the diagnosis is hypertension and your doctor will go through a more detailed diagnosis process to assess the severity.
Your doctor might tell you that you have prehypertension, a condition that does not usually have any specific symptoms. This pretty much means that your blood pressure is just a little bit higher than it usually is but it isn’t high enough to be called hypertension. Nobody wants their doctor to tell them bad news but this isn’t bad, it’s good because a prehypertension diagnosis means that you still have time to treat your pressure levels before they get out of hand.
In simple terms, your blood pressure readings are composed of two numbers; the first, which is the higher number, is your systolic blood pressure and the second lower number is referred to as your diastolic blood pressure.
The high blood pressure symptoms you can check for yourself are the following:
- a general sense of weakness
- dizziness and occasional fainting
- difficulty in moderate physical exercise
- frequent headaches
- lack of sexual desire
- increased urination
- impaired digestion
- a state of confusion or erratic behavior
For more severe cases, the following hypertension symptoms are important indicators to be aware of:
- a ringing in the ears, technically defined as tinnitus
- nose bleedings
- chest pains or left arm pain
- insufficiency of red blood cells, technically defined as anemia
- swelling in the lower parts of the body
- eyesight problems
The eye symptoms of high blood pressure can be as simple as blurred vision. However, it may also be due to the swelling of your optic nerve or the macula, the point of your retina where the vision is keenest. The technical term for eye symptoms of high blood pressure is hypertensive retinopathy. It is a serious illness and must be treated promptly.
The high blood pressure symptoms in women during pregnancy are very important to monitor, as it concerns both the mother and the fetus. The illness is referred to as gestational hypertension and is more common in older pregnant women or in women who’ve previously manifested blood pressure symptoms. Preeclampsia is a special case of gestational hypertension that is detected starting from the 20th week of pregnancy. This is related to renal problems of the mother that are detected by the increase of proteins in the mothers urine.
Essential hypertension is also known as primary hypertension. This is the most common type of high blood pressure and covers roughly 90% of the cases. The second type is by no surprise called secondary hypertension, meaning that it is caused by some other illness, such as thickening of blood vessels or renal issues. From a symptoms of hypertension perspective they very similar and only your doctor can assess what type of hypertension you may have.
Very high blood pressure is also known as malignant hypertension. In general, regular blood pressure readings above 160 over 100 indicates malignant hypertension and is a severe case. The typical signs are nausea, vision problems and painful headaches.
Even though there are symptoms of high blood pressure that you can notice, you can only be sure after a diagnosis by your doctor. The advisor for the US Assistant Secretary for Health, Dr. Larry E. Fields, suggests that every healthy adult should have their blood pressure checked at least once every two years. If left unresolved, hypertension can create serious health problems such as strokes, hardening of arteries, heart attacks, to name a few. If you notice any of the symptoms of high blood pressure we’ll be looking at in this article, you should consult your doctor for advice to determine if you have hypertension.